grain Recent Publications:


Cordova, C.E. (2013). C3 Poaceae and Restionaceae phytoliths as proxies for reconstructing winter rainfall in South Africa. Quaternary International 287, 121-140.

Lee-Thorp J.A., M. Sponheimer (in press) Hominin ecology from hard tissue biogeochemistry. In Sponheimer et al (Ed.s) Early Hominin Ecology, University of Colorado Press, Boulder.

Sponheimer, M., J.A. Lee-Thorp, K. Reed, P. Ungar (Ed.s) (in press) Early Hominin Ecology, University of Colorado Press, Boulder.

Thackeray, J.F. and Odes, E. (2013). Morphometric analysis of Early Pleistocene African hominin crania in the context of a statistical (probabilistic) definition of a species. Antiquity, 87(335).

Zhang, Q., H. Kornich and K. Holmgren (2013). How well do reanalyses represent the southern African precipitation? Climate Dynamics, 40 (3-4), 951-962.


Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K., (2012). Vegetation during uppermost Bed I and deposition of Tuff IF at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, based on phytoliths and plant remains. Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 342-350.

Azzoug, M., Carre, M., Chase, B. M., Deme, A., Lazar, A., Lazareth, C. E., Schauer, A. J., Mandeng- Yogo, M., Simier, M., Thierno-Gaye, A., Tito de Morais, L., (2012). Positive Precipitation-Evaporation budget from AD 460 to 1090 in the Saloum Delta (Senegal) indicated by mollusc oxygen isotopes. Global and Planetary Change98-99, 54-62.

Balter, V., Braga, J. Telouk, P. & Thackeray, F. (2012). Evidence for dietary change but not landscape use in South African early hominins. Nature 489, 558-560.

Bamford, M.K. (2012). Pre- and post-depositional alteration of botanical macro-remains: a case study from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International 275, 97-103.

Bamford, M.K. (2012). Fossil sedges, macroplants and roots from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 351-363.

Beaumont, J., J. Geber, N. Powers, A. Wilson, J.A. Lee-Thorp, J. Montgomery (2012). Victims and survivors: Stable isotopes used to identify migrants from the Great Irish Famine to 19th Century London. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150, 87-98.

Beaumont, J., A. Gledhill, J.A. Lee-Thorp, J. Montgomery (2012). Childhood diet: a closer examination of the evidence from dental tissues using stable isotope incremental analysis of human dentine. Archaeometry. 55, 277-295.

Berna, F., Goldberg, P., Horwitz, L.K., Brink, J., Holt., S, Bamford, M., Chazan, M. (2012). Microstratigraphic evidence for in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. PNAS Plus 9 (20), E1215 – E1220.

Blumenschine, R.J., Masao, F.T., Stollhofen, H., Stanistreet, I.G., Bamford, M.K., Albert, R.M., Njau, J.K., Prassack, K.A. (2012). Landscape distribution of Oldowan stone artifact assemblages across the fault compartments of the eastern Olduvai Lake Basin during early lowermost Bed II times. Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 384-394.

Bruch, A.A., Sievers, C., Wadley, L. (2012). Quantification of climate and vegetation from southern African Middle Stone Age sites: an application using Late Pleistocene plant material from Sibudu, South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 7-17.

Cawthra, H. C. (2012). The Cenozoic evolution of the Durban Bluff and adjacent continental shelf. Council for Geoscience Bulletin 142, Pretoria, South Africa. 119 pp.

Cawthra, H. C., Uken, R. (2012). Modern beachrock formation in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. South African Journal of Science 108 (7/8), 84-88.

Cawthra, H. C., Neumann, F. H., Uken, R., Smith, A. M., Guastella, L., Yates, A. M. (2012). Sedimentation on the narrow (8 km wide), oceanic current-influenced continental shelf off Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Marine Geology 323-325, 107-122.

Cawthra, H. C., Uken, R., Oveckhina, M. (2012). New insights into the geological evolution of the Bluff Ridge and adjacent Blood Reef, Durban, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology 115(3), 291-308.

Chase, B.M., Scott, L, Meadows, M.E., Gil-Romera, G, Boom, A, Carr, A.S., Reimer, P.J., Truc, L, Valsecchi, V and Quick, L.J. (2012). Rock hyrax middens: A palaeoenvironmental archive for southern African Drylands. Quaternary Science Reviews 56, 107-125.

Chazan, M., Avery, DM, Bamford, MK., Berna, F., Brink, J., Holt, S., Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Goldberg, P., Matmon, A., Porat, N., Ron, H., Rossouw, L., Scott, L., Horwitz, L.K. (2012). The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): Archaeological, geological, paleontological and palaeoclimatic evidence. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 859-866.

Codron, J., D. Codron, M. Sponheimer, K. Kirkman, K.J. Duffy, E.J. Raubenheimer, J-L. Me´lice, R.Grant, M.Clauss, J.A. Lee-Thorp (2012). Stable isotope series from elephant ivory reveal lifetime histories of a true dietary generalist. Proc. R. Soc. B 279, 2433-2441.

d’Errico, F., Backwell, L., Villa, P., Degano, I., Luceiko, L., Bamford, M., Higham, T., Colombini, M.P., Beaumont, P. (2012). Early evidence of San material culture represented by organic artefacts from Border Cave, South Africa. PNAS 109 (33), 13214-13219.

d’Errico, F., Backwell, L., Villa, P., Degano, I., Lucejko, J.J., Bamford, M.K., Higham, T.F.G., Colombini, M.P., Beaumont, P.B., (2012). Reply to Evans: Use of poison remains the most parsimonious explanation for Border Cave castor bean extract. PNAS 109 (48), E3291-3292.

Daithi C. Murray, Stuart G. Pearson, Richard Fullagar, Brian M. Chase, Jayne Houston, Jenny Atchison, Nicole E. White, Matthew I. Bellgard, Ed Clarke, Mike Macphail, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, James Haile, Michael Bunce., (2012). High through put sequencing of ancient plant and mammal DNA preserved in herbivore middens. Quaternary Science Reviews 58, 135-154.

Daniau, A.-L., Bartlein, P. J., Harrison, S. P., Prentice, I. C., Brewer, S., Friedlingstein, P., Harrison-Prentice, T. I., Inoue, J., Izumi, K., Marlon, J. R., Mooney, S., Power, M. J., Stevenson, J., Tinner, W., Andrič, M., Atanassova, J., Behling, H., Black, M., Blarquez, O., Brown, K. J., Carcaillet, C., Colhoun, E. A. Colombaroli, D., Davis, B. A. S., D’Costa, D., Dodson, J., Dupont, L., Eshetu, Z., Gavin, D. G., Genries, A., Haberle, S., Hallett, D. J., Hope, G., Horn, S. P., Kassa, T. G., Katamura, F., Kennedy, L. M., Kershaw, P., Krivonogov, S., Long, C., Magri, D., Marinova, E., McKenzie, G. M., Moreno, P. I., Moss, P., Neumann, F. H., Norstrom, E. , Paitre, C., Rius, D., Roberts, N., Robinson, G. S., Sasaki, N., Scott, L., Takahara, H., Terwilliger, V., Thevenon, V., Turner, R., Valsecchi, V. G., Vanniere, B., Walsh, M., Williams, N., and Zhang, Y. (2012). Predictability of biomass burning in response to climate changes. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 26 (4), GB4007.

De Ruiter, D.J., M. Sponheimer, J.A. Lee-Thorp (2012). Animal palaeocommunity variability and habitat preference of the robust australopiths in South Africa. In S.C. Reynolds, A. Gallagher (Ed.s) African Genesis: Perspectives on Hominin Evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 449-470.

Ekblom A, Gillson, L., Risberg, J., Holmgren, K., Chidoub, S, (2012). Rainfall variability and vegetation dynamics of the lower Limpopo Valley, Southern Africa, 500 AD to present. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 363-364, 69-78.

Girard, V., Philippe, M., Bamford, M., Gomez, B., Ferry, S. (2012). Charcoalified wood from the Cenomanian of Gard (southern France): An insight into early angiosperm paleoecology. Revista Española de Paleontologia27, 29-44.

Gommery, D., Badenhorst, S., Potze, S., Senegas, F., Kgasi, K. & Thackeray, J.F. (2012). Preliminary results concerning the discovery of new fossiliferous sites at Bolt’s Farm (Cradle of Humankind, South Africa). Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 2,33-45.

Grine, F.E., M. Sponheimer, P.S. Ungar, J.A. Lee-Thorp, M.F. Teaford (2012). Dental microwear and stable isotopes inform the paleoecology of extinct hominins. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 148, 285–317.

Henry, A.G., Ungar, P.S., Passey, B.H., Sponheimer, M., Rossouw, L., Bamford, M., Sandberg, P., de Ruiter, D.J., Berger, L. (2012). The diet of Australopithecus sediba. Nature 487, 90-93.

Holmes PJ., Meadows ME. (eds) 2012. Southern African Geomorphology; Recent Trends and New Directions. Bloemfontein, Sun Press, 431 pp.

Holmgren, K., Risberg, J., Freudendahl, J., Achimo, M., Ekblom, A., Mugabe, J., Norstrom, E., Sitoe, S., 2012:Water level variations at Lake Nhauhache, Mozambique, during the last 2300 years. Journal of Paleolimnology48, 311–322.

Jerardino, A. (2012). What Archaeology can tell us about sustainability and climate change: a South African west coast perspective. Journal of Marine Science & Research and Development 2(1),105.

Jerardino, A. (2012). Large shell middens and hunter-gatherer resource intensification along the West Coast of South Africa: the Elands Bay case study. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology. 7(1), 76–101.

Langejans, G.H.J., Van Niekerk, K., Dusseldorp, G.L. & Thackeray, J.F. (2012). Middle Stone Age shellfish exploitation: Potential indications for mass collecting and resource intensification at Blombos Cave and Klasies River, South Africa. Quaternary International 270, 80-94.

Lee-Thorp, J.A., A. Likius, T.S. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, M. Sponheimer, M. Brunet (2012). Isotopic evidence for an early shift to C4 resources by Pliocene hominids in Chad. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science109 (50): 20369-20372.

Litt, T., Ohlwein, C., Neumann, F.H., Hense, A. & Stein, M. (2012). Holocene climate variability in the Levant from the Dead Sea pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews 49, 95-105.

Meadows, M.E. (2012). Quaternary environments: moving forward, looking backwards. Progress in Physical Geography 36, 539-547.

Meadows, M.E. (2012). Contemporary land reform policy and practice in South Africa and its environmental implications: new ideas, old problems? Geography, Environment, Development 4, 33-45.

Meadows, ME 2012: Geomorphology and environmental change. In: Holmes, PJ and Meadows, ME (eds.): Geomorphology of Southern Africa. Bloemfontein, Sun Press. Eckardt, FE, Barker, C and Meadows, ME 2012: Landscape inventories In: Holmes, PJ and Meadows, ME (eds.): Geomorphology of Southern Africa. Bloemfontein, Sun Press.

Miller, C.E., Sievers, C. 2012. An experimental micromorphological investigation of bedding construction in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 39, 3039–3051.
Nash, D and Meadows, ME 2012: Africa. In: Nash, D and Metcalfe, SE. (eds): Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics. Wiley, London, pp 79-150. Holmes, PJ and Meadows, ME (eds.) 2012: Geomorphology of Southern Africa. Bloemfontein, Sun Press.

Norstrom E, Risberg, J, Grondahl, H, Holmgren, K, Snowball, I. Mugabe, J, Sitoe, S. (2012). Coastal paleo-environment and sea-level change at Macassa Bay, southern Mozambique, since c 6600 cal yrs BP. Quaternary International 260, 153-163.

Oberg, H., Andersen, T.J., Westerberg, L.O., Risberg J., Holmgren, K. (2012). A diatom record of recent environmental change in Lake Duluti, northern Tanzania. Journal of Paleolimnology, 48, 401–416.

Odes, E.J. & Thackeray, J.F. (2012). Morphometric analysis of modern human crania: a framework for assessing early Pleistocene hominids. Palaeontologia africana 47, 25-28.

Rabumbulu M., Holmes PJ. (2012). Depositional environments of the Florisbad Spring Site and surrounds; a revised synthesis. South African Geographical Journal 94,191-207.

David L. Roberts, Panagiotis Karkanas, Zenobia Jacobs, Curtis W. Marean, Richard G. Roberts, (2012).Melting ice sheets 400,000 yr ago raised sea level by 13 m: Past analogue for future trends. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 357–358, 226–237.

Scott, L., Neumann, F.H., Brook, G.A., Bousman, C.B., E. Norstrom, E. & Metwally, A.A. (2012). Terrestrial fossil Pollen Evidence of Climate Change during the last 26 Thousand Years in Southern Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 32, 100-118.

Stager, J.C., Mayewski, P.A., Barr, C., White J., Chase, B.M., Neumann, F.H., Meadows, M.E., King, C.D. and Dixon, D.A. (2012). Precipitation variability in the winter rainfall zone of South Africa during the last 1400 yr linked to the austral westerlies. Climates of the Past 8: 877-887.

Thackeray, J.F. (2012). Deceiver, joker or innocent? Teilhard de Chardin and Piltdown Man. Antiquity 86:228-234.

Thackeray, J.F. (2012). Eulogy in memory of Professor Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Adler Museum Bulletin 38,1:9.

Thackeray, J.F. 2012. Tribute to Prof P.V. Tobias by Prof. Francis Thackeray, President of the SA Archaeological Society. The Digging Stick 29(2):23-24.

Thackeray, J.F. & Odes, E.J. (2012). Palaeospectroscopy: A matrix of similarity indices for early Pleistocene African hominin crania. Palnews. Biannual Newsletter of the Palaeontological Society of Southern Africa18,4:19-20.

Viola, G., Kounov, A., Andreoli, M.A.G. and Mattila, J. (2012). Brittle tectonic evolution of the basement granites in the Vaalputs area: more than 500 My of continued reactivation. Tectonophysics 514-517, 93-114.

Yates, A., Neumann, F.H. & Hancox, P.J. (2012). The Earliest Post-Paleozoic Freshwater Bivalves preserved in Coprolites from the Karoo Basin, South Africa. PLoS ONE 7, 2: e30228.


Badenhorst, S., Senegas, F., Gommery, D., Potze, S., Kgasi, L. & Thackeray, J.F. (2011). Pleistocene faunal remains from Garage Ravine Cave on Bolt’s Farm in the Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 1, 33-40.
Chase, B. M., Quick, L., Meadows, M. E., Scott, L., Thomas, D. S. G., and Reimer, P. J. (2011). Late-glacial interhemispheric climate dynamics revealed in South African hyrax middens. Geology, 39, 19-22.

Copeland, S.R., M. Sponheimer, D.J. de Ruiter, J.A. Lee-Thorp, D. Codron, P.J. le Roux, V. Grimes, M.P. Richards. 2011. Strontium isotope evidence for early hominin landscape use. Nature, 474, 76-79.

Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Scott, L., and Andrews, P. (2011). Taphonomy in palaeoecological interpretations. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 1296-1302.

Houghton, K. & Thackeray, J.F. (2011). Morphometric comparisons between crania of late Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Border Cave (BC 1), Tuinplaas (TP 1) and modern southern African populations. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 66,159-162.

Lee-Thorp, J.A. (2011). The demise of “Nutcracker man”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108 (23), 9319-9320.

Mitchell P.J., I. Plug, G.B. Bailey, R. Charles, A. Esterhuysen, J.A. Lee Thorp, A.G. Parker, S. Woodborne (2011). Beyond the drip-line: a high-resolution open-air record of late Holocene hunter-gatherers from highland Lesotho. Antiquity 85, 1225–1242.

Neumann, F., Scott, L., and Bamford, M. (2011). Climate change and human disturbance of fynbos vegetation during the late Holocene at Princess Vlei, Western Cape, South Africa. The Holocene 21(7), 1137 – 1150.

Parker A.G., J.A. Lee-Thorp, P.J. Mitchell (2011). Late Holocene Neoglacial conditions from the Lesotho highlands, southern Africa: phytolith and stable carbon isotope evidence from the archaeological site of Likoaeng. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 122, 201–211.

Pellegrini , M., Lee-Thorp J.A., Donahue, R.E. (2011). Exploring the variation of the δ18Op and δ18Oc relationship in enamel increments. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 310, 71-83.

Pollard, M.P., M. Pellegrini, J.A. Lee-Thorp (2011). Some observations on the conversion of dental enamel δ18Op values to δ18Ow to determine human mobility. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 145, 499–504.

Quick, L.J., Chase, B.M., Meadows, M.E., Scott, L., Reimer, P.J. (2011). A 19.5 kyr vegetation history from the central Cederberg Mountains, South Africa: palynological evidence from rock hyrax middens. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 309, 253-270.

Rossouw, L. and Scott, L. (2011). Phytoliths and pollen, the microscopic plant remains in Pliocene volcanic sediments around Laetoli, Tanzania. In: T. Harrison (ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli, Tanzania: Human Evolution in Context. Volume 1: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology and Paleoenvironment, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Springer Science+Business Media. Pp 201-215.
Sandersen, A., Scott, L., McLachlan I., and Hancox, J. (2011). Cretaceous biozonation based on terrestrial palynomorphs from two wells in the offshore Orange Basin of South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana 46, 21-41.

Stager, J. C., Ryves, D. B., Chase, B. M., and Pausata, F. S. R. (2011). Catastrophic drought in the Afro-Asian monsoon region during Heinrich Event 1. Science 331 (6022), 1299-1302.

Thackeray, J.F. (2011). On Piltdown: the possible roles of Teilhard de Chardin, Martin Hinton and Charles Dawson. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 66(1), 9-13.

Thackeray, J.F. (2011). Review of Caves of the Apemen: South Africa’s Cradle of Humankind world heritage site by R.J. Clarke & T.C. Partridge, with contributions by K. Kuman. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 66(1), 55-56.


Carr, A. S., Boom, A., Chase, B. M. (2010).  The potential of plant biomarker evidence derived from rock hyrax middens as an indicator of palaeoenvironmental change. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 285. 321-330.

Carr, A.S., Bateman, M.D., Roberts, D.L., Murray-Wallace, C.V., Jacobs, Z., Holmes, P.J. (2010).The last interglacial sea-level highstand on the southern Cape coastline of South Africa. Quaternary Research73, 351-362.

Chase, B. M., Meadows, M. E., Carr, A.S., and Reimer, P. J. (2010). Evidence for Holocene aridification in southern Africa recorded in Namibian hyrax middens: implications for African Monsoon dynamics and the ‘African Humid Period’. Quaternary Research 74, 36-45.

Chase, B. M. (2010). South African palaeoenvironments during marine oxygen isotope stage 4: a context for the Howiesons Poort and Still Bay industries. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 1359-1366.

Codron, J., D. Codron, J.A. Lee-Thorp, M. Sponheimer, K. Kirkman, K.J. Duffy, J.C. Sealy. (2010). Landscape-scale feeding patterns of African elephant inferred from carbon isotope analysis of feces. Oecologia 165, 89-99.

Finné, M, Norström, E, Risberg, J, Scott, L (in press). Siliceous microfossils as Late Quaternary paleo-environmental indicators at Braamhoek wetland, South Africa. The Holocene.

Fisher, E. C., Bar-Matthews, M., Jerardino, A., and Marean, C. W. (in press). Middle and Late Pleistocene paleoscape modeling along the southern coast of South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews.

Heine, K., and Völkel, J. (2010). Soil clay minerals in Namibia and their significance for the terrestrial and marine past global change research. African Study Monographs Suppl. 40, 31-50.

Langejans, G.H.J. (2010). Remains of the day-preservation of organic micro-residues on stone tools.Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 971-985.

Meadows, M.E., Chase, B. M., Seliane, M. (2010).  Holocene palaeoenvironments of the Cederberg and Swartruggens mountains, Western Cape, South Africa: Pollen and stable isotope evidence from hyrax dung middens Journal of Arid Environments 74, 786-793.

Pollarolo, L., Wilkins, J., Kuman, K., and Galletti, L. (2010). Site formation at Kudu Koppie: a late Earlier and Middle Stone Age site in northern Limpopo Province, South Africa. Quaternary International 216, 151-161.

Wilkins, J., Pollarolo, L., and Kuman, K. (2010). Prepared core reduction at the site of Kudu Koppie in northern South Africa: temporal patterns across the Earlier and Middle Stone Age boundary. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 1279-1292.


Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K., Cabanes, D. (2009). Palaeoecological significance of palms at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, based on phytolith remains. Proceedings 6th IMPR, Quaternary International 193, 41-48.

Andreoli, M.A.G., Viola, G., Kounov, a., Scheepers, J., Heidbach, O., and Stengel, I. (2009). History of stress at Vaalputs, Namaqualand, South Africa: evidence for a Mid-Cretaceous “Wegener –type Orogeny” in western southern Africa. In: S. Fourie (ed.) Proceedings 11th SAGA Biennial Technical Meeting and Exhibition, Royal Swazi Sun, 16-18 September 2009 (6 pp.).

Andreoli, M.A.G., Scheepers, J., Heidbach, O., Stengel, I., Mccarthy, T.S., Kounov, A. (2009). The intraplate seismicity of Namaqualand, South Africa: evidence for a long lived, anomalous stress field. International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth’s Interior, 2009 General Assembly, 12-16 January, Cape Town (Abstract only).

Barale, G., Guignard, G., Bamford, M.K., (2009). Structure of corystospermaceous ovules from Upper Triassic of Zimbabwe. Botany 87, 854-863.

Chase, B. M., Meadows, M. E., Scott, L., Thomas, D. S. G., Marais, E., Sealy, J., and Reimer, P. J. (2009). A record of rapid Holocene climate change preserved in hyrax middens from SW Africa. Geology 37, 703-706.

Chase, B. M. (2009). Evaluating the use of dune sediments as a proxy for palaeo-aridity: a southern African case study. Earth-Science Reviews 93, 31-45.

Chase, B. M. and Brewer, S. (2009). Last Glacial Maximum dune activity in the Kalahari Desert of southern Africa: observations and simulations. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 301-307.

Collinson, M.E., Andrews, P., Bamford, M.K. (2009). Taphonomy of the Early Miocene flora, Hiwegi Formation, Rusinga Island, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 149-162

Compton, J.S., Herbert, C., Hoffman, M.T., Schneider, R., Stuut, J-B. (2009). A tenfold increase in the Orange River mean Holocene mud flux: implications for soil erosion in South Africa. The Holocene 20, 115-122.

Compton, J.S., Herbert, C., Schneider, R. (2009). Holocene organic-rich terrigenous mud on the western margin of South Africa:  Nutrient source to the Southern Ocean? Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23, GB4030.

Compton, J.S. and Wiltshire, J.G. (2009). Terrigenous sediment export from the western margin of South Africa on glacial/interglacial cycles. Marine Geology 266, 212-222.

De Wit, M.C.J., Ward, J.D., Bamford, M.K., Roberts, M. (2009). The significance of the Cretaceous Diamondiferous gravel deposit at Mahura Muthla in the Vryburg District of the Northern Cape Province in South AfricaSouth African Journal of Geology 112, 89-108.

Gibbon, R. J., Granger, D. E., Kuman, K., and Partridge, T. C. (2009). Early Acheulean technology in the Rietputs Formation, South Africa, dated with cosmogenic nuclides. Journal of Human Evolution 56, 152-160.

Goedhart, M.L. and P.W.K. Booth. (2009). Early Holocene extensional tectonics in the south-eastern Cape Fold Belt, South Africa. Short Paper in proceedings of the 11th South African Geophysical Association (SAGA) Biennial Technical Meeting and Exhibition, and Inkaba yeAfrika Phase II workshop, 13-18 September 2009, Swaziland.

Heine, K., and Völkel, J. (2009). Desert flash flood series – Slackwater deposits and floodouts in Namibia: their significance for palaeoclimatic reconstructions. Zbl. Geol. Paläont. Teil I 2007, 287-308.

Jerardino, A., Horwitz, L. K., Mazel, A., and Navarro, R. (2009). Just before van Riebeck: glimpses into the terminal LSA lifestyle at Connies Limpet Bar, Elands Bay, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin64.

Kounov, A., Viola, G., de Wit, M.J. and Andreoli, M. (2009). Denudation along the Atlantic passive margin: new insights from apatite fission-track analysis on the western coast of South Africa. In: Lisker, F., Ventura, B. and Glasmacher, U. (eds.): Thermochronological Methods: from Palaeotemperature Constraints to Landscape Evolution Models. The Geological Society, London, Special Publications 324, 287-306.

Norström, E, Scott, L, Partridge, T, Risberg, J, Holmgren, K (2009). Reconstruction of environmental and climate changes at Braamhoek wetland, eastern escarpment South Africa, during the last 16 000 years with emphasis on the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 271, 240-258.

Philippe, M., and Bamford, M. K. (2009). Houlbert’s types for fossil wood: lectotypification and taxonomic reappraisal of Abietoxylon, Ambaroxylon and Taxoxylon. Taxon 58, 1349-1356.

Prevec, R, Labandeira, C.C., Neveling, J., Gastaldo, R.A., Looy, C., Bamford, M. (2009). Portrait of a Gondwanan ecosystem: A new Late Permian locality from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 156, 454-493.

Roberts, D. L. Murray-Wallace, C. V., Bateman, M. D., Carr, A. S., Holmes, P. J. (2009). West Coast Dune Plumes: Climate driven contrasts in dunefield morphogenesis along the western and southern South African Coasts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 271 (1-2), 24-38.

Sutton, M. B., Pickering, T. R., Pickering, R., Brain, C. K., Clarke, R. J., Heaton, J. L., and Kuman, K. (2009).Newly discovered fossil- and artifact-bearing deposits, uranium-series ages, and Plio-Pleistocene hominids at Swartkrans Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 688-696.


Andrews, P.J. and Bamford, M.K. (2008). Past and present vegetation ecology of Laetoli, Tanzania.Journal of Human Evolution 54, 78-98.

Bamford, M.K., Stanistreet, I.R., Stollhofen, H. and Albert, R.M. (2008). Late Pliocene grassland from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 257, 280-293.

Botha, G.A., Armitage, S.J., Duller, G.A.T. (2008). Geological evolution and palaeoenvironments of the Bazaruto island archipelago, In, B.I. Everett, R.P. van der Elst, M.H. Schleyer (Eds.), A Natural History of the Bazaruto Archipelago, Mozambique.  Special Publication No. 8, Oceanographic Research Institute. South African Association for Marine Biological Research.

De Wit, M.C.J. (2008) Canteen Koppie at Barkly West: South Africa’s first diamond mine. South African Journal of Geology, 111: 53-66.

Dupont, L.M., Behling, H., Kim, H.-J (2008) Thirty thousand years of vegetation development and climate change in Angola (ODP Site 1078). Climate of the Past, 4: 107–124.

Fourie, N. H., Lee-Thorp, J. A. and Ackermann R.R. (2008). Biogeochemical and craniometric investigation of dietary ecology, niche separation, and taxonomy of Plio-Pleistocene Cercopithecoids from the Makapansgat Limeworks. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135, 121–135.

Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A.G., Duller, G.A.T., Roberts, R.G. and Wadley, L. (2008) New ages for the post-Howiesons Poort, late and final Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1790-1807.

Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A.G., Roberts, R.G. and Duller, G.A.T. (2008) Equivalent dose distributions from single grains of quartz at Sibudu, South Africa: context, causes and consequences for optical dating of archaeological deposits. Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1808-1820.

Jerardino, A., Dewar, G., Navarro, R (2009). Opportunistic subsistence strategies among Late Holocene coastal hunter-gatherers, Elands Bay, South Africa. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 4(1), 37 – 60.

Lewis, C. A. 2008 Late Quaternary climatic change, and associated human responses, during the last c 45 000 years in the Eastern and adjoining Western Cape, South Africa. Earth-Science Reviews 88, 167-187.

Philippe, M., Bamford, M.K., (2008). A key to morphogenera used for Mesozoic conifer-like woods.Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 148, 184-207.

Porat, N. and Botha, G.A. (2008). The luminescence chronology of dune development on the Maputaland coastal plain, southeast AfricaQuaternary Science Reviews 27, 1024–1046.

Prevec, R., McLoughlin, S., Bamford, M.K., (2008). Novel double wing morphology revealed in a South African ovuliferous glossopterid fructification: Bifariala intermittens (Plumstead 1958) comb. nov.Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 150, 22-36.

Richards, N.P., Botha, G.A., Schoeman, P., Clarke, B.M., Kota, M.W., Ngcobo, F.N. (2008).  The engineering and geotechnical conditions for the Pietermaritzburg 2930CB 1:50,000-scale map sheet.  Council for Geoscience, 76 pp.

Roberts, D.L, Bateman, M.D., Murray-Wallace, C.V., Carr, A.S., Holmes, P.J. (2008). Last Interglacial Fossil Elephant Trackways dated by OSL/AAR in Coastal Aeolianites, Still Bay, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 257, 261-279.

Singh, R.G., Botha, G.A., Richards, N.P. and McCarthy, T.C. (2008). Holocene landslides in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 111/1:39-52.

Telfer, M.W., Bateman, M.D., Carr, A.C. and Chase, B.M. (2008). Testing the applicability of a Standardized Growth Curve (SGC) for quartz OSL dating: Kalahari dunes, South Africa. Quaternary Geochronology 3: 137-142.

Temme, A.J.A.M., Baartman, J.E.M., Botha, G.A., Veldkamp, A., Jongmans, A.G., Wallinga, J. (2008). Climate controls on late Pleistocene landscape evolution of the Okhombe valley, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Geomorphology 99 (1-4), 280-295.

Tsukamoto, S., Duller, G.A.T. and Wintle, A.G. (2008) Characteristics of thermally transferred optically stimulated luminescence (TT-OSL) in quartz and its potential for dating sediments. Radiation Measurements43, 1204- 1218.

Van der Merwe, N.J., Masao, F.T., Bamford, M.K. (2008). Isotopic evidence for contrasting diets of earlyhominins Homo habilis and Australopithecus boisei of Tanzania. South African Journal of Science 104, 153-155.

Weigelt, E., Dupont, L., Uenzelmann-Neben, G. (2008) Late Pliocene climate change documented in seismic and palynology data at the southwestern African margin. Global and Planetary Change, 63: 31-39.


Botha, G.A. and Porat, N. (2007).  Soil chronosequence development on the southeast African coastal plain, Maputaland, South AfricaQuaternary International 162-163, 111-132.

Carr, M.D., Bateman, M.D., Holmes, P.J., (2007). Developing a 150 ka luminescence chronology for the barrier dunes of the Western Cape, South Africa. Quaternary Geochronology 2, 110-116.

Chase, B.M. and Meadows, M.E. (2007) Late Quaternary dynamics of southern Africa’s winter-rainfall zone.Earth-Science Reviews, 84, 103-138.

Chase, B.M. and Thomas, D.S.G. (2007) Multiphase late Quaternary aeolian sediment accumulation in western South Africa: timing and relationship to palaeoclimatic changes inferred from the marine record. Quaternary International, 166(1): 29-41.

Chase, B.M., Thomas, D.S.G., Bateman, M.D. and Meadows, M.E. (2007) Late Quaternary dune development along the western margin of South Africa and its relationship to palaeoclimatic changes inferred from the marine record. PAGES News, 15(2): 26-27.

Clauss, M., Franz-Odendaal, T.A., Brasch, J., Castell, J.C., and Kaiser, T. (2007) Tooth wear in captive giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis): mesowear analysis classifies free-ranging specimens as browsers but captive ones as grazers. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 38, 433-455.

Dupont, L., Behling, H., Jahns, S., Marret, S., Kim, J.-H. (2007) Variability in glacial and Holocene marine pollen records offshore west southern Africa. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 16: 87-100.

Holmes, P.J., Bateman, M.D., Carr, A.S. and Marker, M.E. (2007). The place of aeolian coversands in the geomorphic evolution of the southern Cape coast, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 110, 125-136.

Langejans, G. H. J. (2007). PIXE and residues: examples from Sterkfontein and Sibudu, South Africa. The South African Archaeological Bulletin 62, 71-73.

Lee-Thorp, J.A. and Sponheimer, M. (2007) Contribution of Stable Light Isotopes to Palaeoenvironmental Reconstruction (Chapter 9), In Handbook of Palaeoanthropology (Ed.s W. Henke, I. Tattersall). Springer, Berlin, pp 289-319.

Lee-Thorp, J.A., Sponheimer, M. and Luyt J.C. (2007) Tracking changing environments using stable carbon isotopes in fossil tooth enamel: an example from the South African hominin sites. Journal of Human Evolution53: 595-601.

Pickering, R., Hancox, P. J., Lee-Thorp, J.A., Grün, R., Mortimer, G.E., McCulloch, M., and Berger L.R. (2007)Stratigraphy, U-Th chronology and palaeoenvironments at Gladysvale Cave: insights into the climatic control of South African hominin bearing caves. Journal of Human Evolution 53: 602-619.

Ségalen,L., Lee-Thorp, J.A. and Cerling, T.C (2007) Timing of C4 grass expansion across Sub-Saharan Africa.Journal of Human Evolution 53: 549-559.

Smith, J., Lee-Thorp, J.A. and Hall, S. (2007) Climate change and agropastoralist settlement in the Shashe-Limpopo River Basin, southern Africa: AD 880 to 1700. South African Archaeological Bulletin 62: 115-125.2006.


Armitage, S.J., Botha, G.A., Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G., Rebelo, L.P. and Momade, F.J. (2006) The formation and evolution of the barrier islands of Inhaca and Bazaruto, Mozambique. Geomorphology 82, 295-308.

Bell, L.S., Lee-Thorp. J.A., and Dobney, K. (2006) Mapping human movement using stable oxygen isotopic ratio mass spectrometry: potential application to forensic science demonstrated by a modern horse-human study. Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal, 39: 47–54.

Carr, A.C., Thomas, D.S.G. and Bateman, M.D. (2006). Climatic and sea level controls on Late Quaternary eolian activity on the Agulhas Plain, South Africa. Quaternary Research, 65: 252 – 263.

Carr, A.C., Thomas, D.S.G., Bateman, M.D., Meadows, M.E. and Chase, B. (2006). Late Quaternary palaeoenvironments of the winter-rainfall zone of southern Africa: Palynological and sedimentological evidence from the Agulhas. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 239: 147-165.

Chase, B.M. and Thomas, D.S.G. (2006) Late Quaternary dune accumulation along the western margin of South Africa: distinguishing forcing mechanisms through the analysis of migratory dune forms. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 251: 318-333.

Dupont, L.M., Behling, H. (2006) Land-sea linkages during deglaciation: High resolution records from the eastern Atlantic off the coast of Namibia and Angola (ODP Site 1078). Quaternary International, 148: 19-28.

Dupont, L.M. (2006) Late Pliocene vegetation and climate in Namibia (southern Africa) derived from palynology of ODP Site 1082. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 7(5): 1-15. doi: 10.1029/2005GC001208.

Jacobs, Z., Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G. and Henshilwood, C.S. (2006) Extending the chronology of deposits at Blombos Cave, South Africa, back to 140 ka using optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz. Journal of Human Evolution, 51, 255-273.

Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A.G., and Duller, G.A.T. (2006) Evaluation of SAR procedures for De determination using single aliquots of quartz from two archaeological sites in South Africa. Radiation Measurements, 41, 520-533.

Jacobs, Z., Duller, G.A.T., and Wintle, A.G. (2006) Interpretation of single grain De distributions and calculation of De. Radiation Measurements, 41, 264-277.

Langejans, G.H.J. (2006). Starch grain analysis on Late Iron Age grindstones from South Africa.Southern African Humanities 18, 71-91.

Meadows, M.E. and Chase, B.M. (2006) Late Pleistocene pollen records of Africa. In, Elias, S. (ed.)Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science. Elsevier, Oxford.

Rodnight, H., Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G. and Tooth, S. (2006) Assessing the reproducibility and accuracy of optical dating of fluvial deposits. Quaternary Geochronology, 1, 109-120.

Rommerskirchen, F., Eglinton, G., Dupont, L., Rullkötter. J. (2006) Glacial/interglacial changes in Southern Africa: compound-specific d13C land plant biomarker and pollen records from Southeast Atlantic continental margin sediments – Part II. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 7(8): 1-21. doi: 10.1029/2005GC001223.

Ségalen, L., Renard, M., Lee-Thorp, J.A., Emmanuel, L., Le Callonnec, L., de Rafélis, M., Senut, B., Pickford, M., and Melice, J.-L. (2006) Neogene climate change and emergence of C4 grasses in the Namib, southwestern Africa, as reflected in ratite 13C and 18O. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 244: 725-734.


Bateman, M.D., Holmes, P.J., Carr, A.S., Horton, B. P. and Jaiswal, M.K. (2004). Aeolianite and Barrier Dune Construction Spanning the Last Two Glacial-Interglacial Cycles from the Southern Cape Coast, South Africa.Quaternary Science Reviews, 23: 1681-1698.

Bateman, M.D., Thomas, D.S.G. and Singhvi, A.K. (2003). Extending the aridity record of the Southwest Kalahari: current problems and future perspectives. Quaternary International, 111: 37-49.

Clarke, M.L., Vogel, J.C., Botha, G.A. and Wintle, A.G. (2003) Late Quaternary hillslope evolution recorded in eastern South African colluvial badlands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 197, 199-212.

Codron J., Codron D., Lee-Thorp J.A., Sponheimer M., Bond W.J., de Ruiter D., and Grant R. (2005)Taxonomic, anatomical, and spatio-temporal variations in the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions of plants from an African savanna. Journal of Archaeological Science 32 (12): 1757-1772.

Dupont, L.M., Kim, J.-H., Schneider, R.R., Shi, N. (2004) Southwest African climate independent of Atlantic sea surface temperatures during the Younger Dryas. Quaternary Research, 61: 318-324.

Dupont, L.M., Wyputta, U. (2003) Reconstructing pathways of aeolian pollen transport to the marine sediments along the coastline of SW Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 22: 157-174.

Dupont, L.M., Donner, B., Vidal, L., Pérez, E.M., Wefer, G. (2005) Linking desert evolution and coastal upwelling: Pliocene climate change in Namibia. Geology, 33: 461-464.

Franz-Odendaal TA and Solounias N. (2004) Comparative dietary evaluations of an extinct giraffid (Sivatherium hendeyi) (Mammalia, Giraffidae, Sivatheriinae) from Langebaanweg, South Africa (Early Pliocene). Geodiversitas, 26:4:675-685.

Franz-Odendaal TA. (2004) Enamel hypoplasia provides insights into early systemic stress in wild and captive giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis). Journal of Zoology (London), 263: 197-206.

Franz-Odendaal TA, Chinsamy A, and Lee-Thorp JA. (2004) High prevalence of enamel hypoplasia in an Early Pliocene giraffid (Sivatherium hendeyi) from South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24: 235-244.

Franz-Odendaal TA and Kaiser TM. (2003) Differential mesowear in the maxillary and mandibular cheek dentition of some ruminants (Artiodactyla). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 40: 395-410.

Franz-Odendaal TA, Kaiser TM, and Bernor R. (2003) Systematics and dietary evaluation of a fossil equid from South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 99: 453-459.

Franz-Odendaal TA, Lee-Thorp JA, and Chinsamy A. (2003) Insights from stable isotopes on enamel defects and weaning in Pliocene herbivores. Journal of Biosciences, 28:6:101-109.

Franz-Odendaal TA, Lee-Thorp JA, and Chinsamy A. (2002) New evidence for the lack of C4 grassland expansions during the Early Pliocene at Langebaanweg, South Africa. Paleobiology, 28:3: 378-388.

Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F., Yates, R., Jacobs, Z., Tribolo, C., Duller, G.A.T., Mercier, N., Sealy, J.C., Valladas, H., Watts, I. and Wintle, A.G. (2002) Emergence of modern human behavior: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science, 295, 1278-1280.

Holmgren K., Lee-Thorp J.A., Cooper G.R.J., Lundblad K.. Partridge T.C., Scott L., Sithaldeen R., Talma A.S., and Tyson P.D. (2003). Persistent millennial-scale variability over the past 25 thousand years in southern Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 22: 2311-2326.

Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A.G. and Duller, G.A.T. (2003) Optical dating of dune sand from Blombos Cave, South Africa: I multiple grain data. Journal of Human Evolution, 44, 599-612.

Jacobs, Z., Duller, G.A.T. and Wintle, A.G. (2003) Optical dating of dune sand from Blombos Cave, South Africa: II single grain data. Journal of Human Evolution, 44, 613-625.

Kaiser TM and Franz-Odendaal TA. (2004). A mixed feeding Equus species from the Middle Pleistocene of South Africa. Quaternary Research, 62: 316-323.

Kim, J.-H., Dupont, L.M., Behling, H., Versteegh, G.J.M. (2005) Impacts of rapid sea level rise on mangrove deposit erosion: Application of taraxerol and Rhizophora records. Journal Quaternary Science, 20: 221-225.

Kuman, K., Gibbon, R.J., Kempton, H., Langejans, G., Le Baron, J., Pollarolo, L., Sutton, M. (2005). Stone Age signatures in northernmost South Africa: archaeology of the Vhembe-Dongola National Park and Vicinity. In: Backwell, L., D’Errico, F. (Eds.), From Tools to Symbols: From Early Hominids to Modern Humans. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg: 163-182.

Lee-Thorp, J.A., M. Sponheimer. 2006. Biogeochemical approaches to investigating hominin diets. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 49,131–148.

Lee-Thorp, J.A. and Sponheimer, M. (2005) Opportunities and constraints for reconstructing palaeoenvironments from stable light isotope ratios in fossils. Geological Quarterly, 49 (2): 195-204.

Lee-Thorp, J.A. (2004) Longterm, high resolution records of climate variability from cave speleothems in Cold Air Cave, Makapans Valley, Limpopo Province. The Water Research Commission of South Africa, Pretoria, pp. 1-79.

Lee-Thorp, J.A., Sponheimer, M. and van der Merwe, N.J. (2003) What do Stable Isotopes tell us about Hominid Dietary and Ecological Niches in the Pliocene? International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 13: 104-113.

Mayewski, P. A., Rohling E., Stager J.C., Karlén W., Maasch K.A., Meeker L. D., Meyerson E.A., Gasse F., van Kreveld S., Holmgren K., Lee-Thorp J.A., Rosqvist G., Rack F., Staubwasser M., Schneider R.R., and Steig E.. (2004) Holocene climate variability. Quaternary Research, 62: 243-255.

Rodnight, H., Duller, G.A.T., Tooth, S. and Wintle, A.G. (2005) Optical dating of a scroll-bar sequence on the Klip River, South Africa, to derive the lateral migration rate of a meander bend. The Holocene, 15, 802-811.

Rommerskirchen, R., Eglinton, G., Dupont, L., Güntner, U., Wenzel, C., Rullkötter, J. (2003) A North to South Transect of Holocene Southeast Atlantic Continental Margin Sediments: Relationship between Aerosol Transport and Compound-Specific d13C Land Plant Biomarker and Pollen Records. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4: 1101-1129.

Shi, N., Dupont, L.M. (1997) Vegetation history of SW Africa: a marine palynological record of the last 300,000 years. Vegetation History & Archaeobotany, 6: 117-131.

Shi, N., Dupont, L.M., Beug, H.-J., Schneider, R. (1998) Vegetation and climate changes during the last 21 000 years in S.W. Africa based on a marine pollen record. Vegetation History & Archaeobotany, 7: 127-140.

Shi, N. Dupont, L.M., Beug, H.-J., Schneider, R. (2000) Correlation between vegetation in Southwestern Africa and oceanic upwelling in the past 21,000 years. Quaternary Research, 54: 72-80.

Shi, N., Schneider, R., Beug, H.-J., Dupont, L.M. (2001) SE trade wind variations during the last 135 ka:evidence from pollen spectra in eastern South Atlantic sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 187: 311-321.

Thomas, D.S.G., Holmes, P.J., Bateman, M. and Marker, M.E. (2002). Geomorphic evidence for Late Quaternary environmental change from the eastern Great Karoo margin, South Africa. Quaternary International, 89: 151- 164.

Versteegh, G.J.M., Schefuß. E., Dupont, L., Marret, F., Sinninghe Damsté, J., Jansen, F. (2004) Taraxerol and Rhizophora pollen as proxies for tracking past Mangrove ecosystems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68: 411-422. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00456-3.